20th June 2024

A rags-to-riches story, Vijay Shekhar Sharma isn’t any stranger to controversy. Now, India’s startup king faces arguably his largest disaster in a race to save lots of his revolutionary digital funds agency that had as soon as counted Warren Buffett as a backer.
Sharma has put up a courageous face at the same time as nervous buyers plundered $2 billion off Paytm’s valuation after India’s central financial institution ordered his banking arm to cease most of it operations from March 1 for “persistent non-compliances” and “supervisory considerations”.

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The ruling threatens important enterprise disruptions because the financial institution is the spine of his ubiquitous Paytm funds app utilized by tens of millions day by day in a nation the place money was as soon as king.
The take a look at for Sharma, whose early days of life have been certainly one of hardship and challenges, is to maintain the operations operating and restore investor confidence. His newest troubles have attracted loads of media publicity, not least due to his speedy rise to develop into certainly one of India’s elite businessmen – at one level shifting into the nation’s top-100 richest membership.

The chief has additionally discovered many allies in India’s startup world as he typically talks up their considerations, together with publicly criticising Google saying its practices damage smaller firms.

Sharma described the regulatory motion towards Paytm as a “pace bump” this week throughout a convention name with analysts. He held out the hope of partnering with different banks and reassured buyers the Paytm app will proceed to work.

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The markets, nonetheless, stay sceptical of a fast decision to the regulatory roadblock. Paytm’s valuation crashed to $3.7 billion after it misplaced $2 billion on Mumbai bourses this week. Since its 2021 IPO that valued Paytm at round $20 billion, the inventory has now tanked 75%, and analysts at JP Morgan say the corporate now might want to “restore credibility” of the enterprise.

Sharma did not return a Reuters request for remark.


It is not the primary time the 45-year-old CEO has grabbed the headlines, and for all of the incorrect causes.

Recalling the agency’s 2021 IPO valuation which confronted backlash from buyers and analysts when the inventory plummeted on debut, one startup trade government who spoke on situation of anonymity described him as “too bombastic”.

After Paytm’s market debut burned many buyers and critics railed towards lofty valuations India’s market regulator took steps to tighten scrutiny of IPOs.

The corporate’s speedy rise owed as a lot to Sharma’s ambitions as to a serious coverage shift in Asia’s third-largest financial system in 2016 when Prime Minister Narendra Modi shocked markets by banning high-value foreign money notes in a single day.

Sharma, who launched Paytm in 2009 providing cell recharges, instantly noticed the alternatives of the demonetisation transfer that will find yourself reworking the agency because the nation’s premier digital funds platform.

The federal government resolution angered many Indians who for years used money as their major mode of funds, however Sharma took out front-page advertisements with Modi’s photograph, calling it the “boldest resolution within the monetary historical past of unbiased India”.

Right now with 330 million pockets accounts, Paytm has garnered widespread acceptance.

Together with its rivals like Google Pay and Walmart’s PhonePe apps, many Indians use the digital companies for sweet funds as little as 10 rupees (12 U.S. cents) to home goods and groceries. Even beggars in India have been noticed utilizing Paytm or different digital QR codes to hunt alms.

Paytm at present trades at 487.2 rupees versus its 2021 market itemizing of 1,950 rupees. In current months, the agency’s massive backer SoftBank pared its stake, whereas different key buyers Alibaba and Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway bought their holdings.


Hailing from the small city of Aligarh within the nation’s most populous state of Uttar Pradesh, Sharma, a skilled engineer, as soon as stated he did not have cash to journey, and used to arrange web connections at properties to make a dwelling.

Years after Paytm’s humble beginnings in 2009, the celebs aligned for him when he raised billions from Alibaba’s Jack Ma and SoftBank’s Masayoshi Son after 2015, and posted common selfies with them.

As India’s regulators took purpose at Paytm this week, many entrepreneurs backed him to emerge from the disaster stronger. Vishal Gondal, his buddy and CEO of Indian preventive-health firm GOQii, instructed Reuters the Paytm boss performs greatest throughout adversities.

“All of us see a little bit little bit of us in what Vijay does,” stated Gondal. “The query everyone seems to be asking is – if such a harsh step was crucial?”

In a 2021 interview with Reuters, Sharma stated his dream was to take the “Paytm flag to San Francisco, New York, London, Hong Kong and Tokyo.”

Quick ahead to 2024, and that dream may need a battle on its arms.

In a word on Paytm titled “Is that this the tip of the highway?”, Macquarie stated the regulatory motion “considerably hampers Paytm’s capability to retain prospects” and restricts it from promoting fee and mortgage merchandise.

Sharma stays undeterred.

“For each problem, there’s a answer and we’re sincerely dedicated to serve our nation in full compliance,” he wrote on X on Friday.

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